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Lumley Infant & Nursery School

Fun to teach, fun to learn

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Key Stage 1 Curriculum

Key Stage One Curriculum

The Key Stage One curriculum begins when children start Year One and concludes at the end of Year Two. The curriculum is organised so that there are clear steps to build up knowledge and understanding in a way which is relevant, exiting and practical. The Key Stage One curriculum consolidates and builds upon learning from the Early Years Foundation Stage.  In the School Bag section you will find termly curriculum information showing the curriculum content for each subject and year group.


This includes speaking and listening, reading and writing. Our curriculum is designed to equip pupils with the basic skills to become effective communicators both orally and in writing. Children continue to develop and apply their phonic knowledge to read and spell words with increasing complexity using Read, Write Inc. Phonics and the Letters and Sounds Programme. Emphasis is also placed on using the correct grammar and punctuation in their reading and writing. Pupils are encouraged to orally construct sentences prior to writing and develop skills to edit and improve their work. We offer a range of Reading Schemes catering for pupils' interest and abilities. These include Oxford Reading Tree, Phonics Bug, Rigby Star, Ginn Lighthouse and Project X. We ensure that all books are in immaculate condition and we teach pupils that books are precious and should be looked after.


We follow the Maths No Problem! scheme which aims to develop a deep understanding of mathematical concepts using concrete, pictorial and abstract representations.  This approach helps children to recognise patterns, relationships and make connections to deepen their mathematical knowledge in order to solve problems.


The principal focus of science teaching in Key Stage One is to enable pupils to experience and observe the world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. Through thinking scientifically pupils develop their understanding by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions. This includes observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things and carrying out simple comparative tests.


Pupils are taught to create and debug simple programs using simple algorithms. Pupils use a wide range of technology to create, organise, store, manipulate and retrieve digital content. Embedded within all curriculum subjects, children are taught to use technology safely and respectfully keeping their personal information private.


The curriculum focusses on children learning about historical changes within living memory and events beyond living memory that are significant national or globally e.g. The Great Fire of London. They also research the lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements e.g. Queen Victoria, Neil Armstrong.


Pupils develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They learn to name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans and countries that make up the United Kingdom. They compare and contrast geographical features locally and internationally.

Art and Design

Pupils develop their skills in drawing, painting and sculpture to capture their ideas, experiences and imagination. They explore techniques in using colour, pattern, texture, line, shape, form and space. Children learn about the work of a range of artists, craft makers and designers.

Design and Technology

Pupils are taught to design, make and evaluate their models and products. They gain technical knowledge of how to make structures stronger and explore simple mechanisms.


Children develop fundamental movement skills, become increasingly competent and confident and access abroad range of opportunities to extend their agility, balance and coordination. They master basic movements including running, jumping, throwing and catching. Pupils participate in team games and perform dances using simple movement patterns.


Pupils use their voices expressively and creatively by singing songs and rhymes. They play tuned and un-tuned instruments musically and produce simple compositions. They listen with concentration and understanding to a range of live and recorded music.

 Understanding the Key Stage One Curriculum - A Guide to Parents and Carers